Consciousness, destiny, awakening.

Kolby 2022-11-01 05:15:27

The Pervert's Guide to Ideology - Zizek


A neglected Hollywood film in 1988, Extreme Space, is about a pure subject who has lost all substance, (he is) a homeless worker in Los Angeles who wanders all day long. One day (he) walked into an abandoned church and found a strange box full of sunglasses, and when he was walking down the street wearing one of them, he noticed something strange.

These eyes have a function similar to "ideological criticism", through which he sees the real information under all political propaganda and advertising posters. For example, when he sees a travel and vacation billboard, after putting on glasses, he sees a gray wall and white text while waiting, which reads marriage and reproduce (marry and have children).

As the saying goes, we live in a post-ideological society, tampered with, in other words, viewed by social authority as a subject of desire, rather than a subject that needs to sacrifice self to fulfill obligations, recognize your true potential, be yourself, Live the right life. When you put on these glasses, you see the dictatorship in democracy, the invisible order that supports your apparent freedom.

The interpretation of these bizarre ideological spectacles is the standard story of Human Alien. Humans have been controlled by aliens,

In our common sense, we think that conscious mind is something that blurs or confuses our intuitive perspective, ideology should be the glasses that distort our perspective, and ideological criticism is its opposite. The fact that you can see things as they really are when you take off your glasses, as evidenced by the pessimism of Extreme Space, is the ultimate illusion: ideology is not simply imposed on us , ideology is the relationship with whom we spontaneously form, how we understand (things) their respective meanings, etc.

In a way we are enjoying our ideology, it is painful to come out of ideology, it is painful to know the truth, it is a painful experience, you need to force yourself to do it. The final scene of the film captures this wonderfully. The fight scene when john nada forced his best friend to wear glasses also lasted seven or eight minutes, why john nada's friend refused to wear glasses so violently, he seemed to know very well that he was spontaneously living a lie, The glasses will make him see the truth, but this truth can be painful because it can shatter many of our illusions, a paradox that we must accept.

Put on your glasses! put it on! The extreme violence of liberation, you must be forced to be free, and you will never be free if you easily believe in your involuntary well-being and whatnot. Freedom is painful.

The basic point of psychoanalysis is to distinguish between pleasure and individual pleasure, they are different: pleasure is pleasure distorted, pleasure is even pain, and this extra factor interferes with the seemingly simple relationship between duty and pleasure. This is also the space in which ideology, especially religious consciousness, is complicated and operates.


Another example is the movie "The Sound of Music", the story is about an overly lively nun, who is basically sexual energy, but she is constrained by her status as a nun, and later went to the house of Baron Wundt to teach and help the children and be with her. The baron fell in love, and when he returned to the church again, the lovesickness caused the sound of music.

The song is almost an affirmation of desire, an almost embarrassing dancheng as well. Three minutes in the middle of the film were deleted by a censor who was probably an anarchist communist who knew the appeal of the Catholic faith and that you found your dream.

If you look at those clever catholic preachers, if you really try to understand what they're offering you, it's not a prohibition of sexual pleasure in this case, ironically it's is the extreme opposite. Between the church structure and the faithful, interfered with by sexuality, it's this secret obscene license that you can get, you're covered by the divine "big Other" and you can do whatever you want. Enjoy it, this obscene contract does not belong to the Catholic Church as an institution, it belongs to the Catholic Church as an institution, it is the purest logic of institutional systems. Also it is the crux of how ideology works, not just the superficial message (tell you) to give up, suffer, etc., but also the real message behind it - pretend to give up and you can have it all.

It is now atypical for patients to seek help from their physicians not because their guilt stems from excessive pleasure, not because of indulging in pleasure, which goes against a sense of duty or morality, etc., but on the contrary, they feel The guilt is because they can't fully enjoy (the pleasure) because they can't enjoy it.


A commodity is never a mere object of our purchase and consumption. Commodities are full of subtleties in the theological and even metaphysical sense. Its existence always reflects the invisible transcendence, the absence, the invisible properties.

In our so-called postmodern society, we have a duty to enjoy pleasure, which has become a strange and perverted responsibility.

Desire is never a desire for something, is it always a desire for desire itself, a desire to continue desire. Perhaps the ultimate fear of desire is to be so completely filled and satisfied that I no longer desire it. The ultimate melancholic experience is that the loss of desire itself is not a return to the age of natural gratification, the escape from excess is consumption for actual needs, but excess will always be with us.

From the sublime to the low end, we're not talking about the objective, real nature of commodities, we're talking about that elusive "excess." The object of excess (like a chia egg), the reason for your desire, is materialized here in the commodity. . To make a commodity a satisfactory commodity is another form: we aim at the higher goal, the goal that exists in the object, precisely to enjoy its surface. This is the teaching of anti-metaphysics, and it is difficult to accept.


Beethoven's Ninth Symphony "Ode to Joy" is a song about human nature, freedom and peace, but its universality is mostly used in politics. Translated as an anthem of communism, accepted as an advanced bourgeoisie, it was gradually translated into a global anthem, completely open to all, intuitive and deeply rooted in emotion. This is the effect of ideological operation.

They don't know what they're doing, but they're still doing it. They know what they're doing, but they're still doing it. These are all cynic ideologies that operate in this way.

Humans are not the product of the objective environment. We always have a little bit of freedom to decide how we should respond subjectively, which at the same time defines our own objective environment.

In his statement on the violent beating, smashing and looting incident, Cameron said that the real horror of this kind of incident is that it has no ideological legitimacy. Their behavior shows that they are completely dominated by the mainstream ideology, but they are unable to realize the demands of the ideology. The result of this particular social and ideological apparatus. In this installation, the so-called great ideology of fighting for justice and equality disintegrates.

The great thing about Taxi Driver is that it takes a violent outburst into its extremely suicidal dimension. We are not just confronting and paying attention to a person's distortions and his fragile state of mind.

Violence is never abstract violence, it is a bloody intervention in reality to mask some related powerlessness. Breivik's events and practice have shown that it is a response to the impenetrability and chaos of global capital. The cab's last finger-gun to its head shows that all violence is suicidal. Change what ties you to the sense of domination.

Psychoanalysis believes that fantasy is fundamentally a lie. Not because "it's fantasy, not reality," but fantasy masks a gap in consistency.

When things are vague and we don't know them clearly, fantasies offer simple answers.

Fantasy is the main material that makes up our conscious state of mind, and fantasy is a very personal thing on a personal level.

The usual mode of fantasy is to construct a scene, not a scene in which I have the object of my desire, but a fictional scene in which I am desired by the other.


Instability is the foundation of capital operation. To solve this problem, it is necessary to produce an ideological narrative that explains the reasons for the deterioration of things in society, not caused by the inherent contradictions of social development, but caused by foreign invaders. For example, before the Jews entered our society, the society was very good, so we can have a better life if we clean up the Jews.

Capitalism has a bizarre religious structure, capital to circulate, multiply, expand and increase, for which everything can be sacrificed, including life and nature.

Every valid ideological symbol and feature has to rely on this dimension: rigid pleasure. Excessive pleasure in pain, frozen truth.

Be careful not to fall into the stereotype of total denial, the power source of fascism is the labor movement. The core of Nazism is the people, mainly what kind of people.

All new creations come from hysterical questioning.

Capitalism cancels and suspends one's subjectivity.

All the ice in the world cannot stop the real mind.

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The Pervert's Guide to Ideology quotes

  • Slavoj Zizek: The German philosopher Walter Benjamin - said something very deep. He said that we experience history, - what does it mean for us to be historical beings, - not when we are engaged in things, when things move, - only when we see this, again, - rest waste of culture being half retaken by nature, - at that point we get an intuition of what history means.

  • Slavoj Zizek: We usually think that military discipline - is just a matter of mindlessly following orders. Obeying the rules. You don't think you do what is your duty. It's not as simple as that. If we do this, we just become machines.